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The bill mandates, for example, that inmates who are primary caretakers may receive visits from family members up to six days per week, with no limit to the number of children who may visit.

Senators Pitch Bill to Improve Conditions for Female Inmates

Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ) and three co-sponsors have introduced S. 1524, the “Dignity for Incarcerated Women Act,” meant to improve the treatment of female federal inmates who are the primary caretakers of children.

The bill, proposed July 11, would require the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) to create a new office to determine prisoners’ geographic assignments. That office must place inmates who have children as close to their children as possible. Other appropriate factors may also be considered.

BOP will also be directed to issue regulations allowing inmates who are primary caretakers to receive visits from family members up to six days per week, including Saturdays and Sundays, with at least eight hours per day available for such visits. Federal penal or correctional institutions would be allowed to set five as the maximum number of adults to visit a prisoner, but could not limit the number of children who could join in a family visit. Unless the prisoner presents an immediate physical danger to visitors, the prisoner must be permitted physical contact with them.

The bill will also prohibit segregated housing for pregnant inmates, or for those within eight weeks of having given birth, unless that inmate presents an immediate risk of harm to herself or others. Even when permitted, such placements must be limited and temporary. Shackles, handcuffs, straitjackets, and other restraint devices can never be used on pregnant inmates.

Under the proposed legislation, BOP will also have to provide parenting classes to primary-caretaker inmates, give trauma-informed care to every prisoner diagnosed with trauma, and train all correctional staff and other BOP employees who regularly interact with inmates on trauma identification and referrals.

The bill’s health section requires BOP to provide appropriate quantities of sanitary products, plus non-lye soap, shampoo, body lotion, petroleum jelly, toothpaste and toothbrushes, aspirin and ibuprofen, and other products the agency deems appropriate, as well as ensure female inmates can access gynecological care. BOP will also have to issue regulations requiring sex-appropriate restrictions on non-emergency strip searches and bathroom entry.

Telecommunications provisions of the bill will forbid BOP from charging inmates fees for phone calls, and will make free videoconferencing available in all federal correctional institutions, but not allow videoconferencing to substitute for in-person visits.

The bill will require the Attorney General to designate an ombudsman to monitor federal performance in the areas of prisoner transportation, segregated incarceration, prisoner strip searches, and civil rights violations. The BOP will outline rules allowing former federal prisoners to return to mentor inmates or to help them prepare for community re-entry. As well, the BOP cannot exclude primary-caretaker parents and pregnant women from participating in residential substance abuse treatment even when the inmate failed to disclose such a problem when entering BOP custody.

Finally, the Dignity Act also mandates that the BOP create a pilot program allowing eligible inmates who are primary-caretaker parents to have overnight visits from family members. The bill lets BOP set eligibility standards for inmates participating in the pilot program, and specifically mandates that they take into account the inmate’s good behavior and not having been convicted of a violent crime.

The bill has been referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee, which has thus far not scheduled any action, and neither DOJ nor BOP has yet made official comment on the bill.

Christopher Zoukis is the author of Federal Prison Handbook: The Definitive Guide to Surviving the Federal Bureau of Prisons, (Middle Street Publishing, 2017), and College for Convicts: The Case for Higher Education in American Prisons (McFarland & Co., 2014). He regularly contributes to The Huffington PostNew York Daily News, and Prison Legal News. He can be found online at and

About Christopher Zoukis

Christopher Zoukis, a writer currently incarcerated at FCC Petersburg (Medium), is an impassioned and active prison education advocate, a legal commentator, and a prolific writer of books, book reviews, and prison law articles. While living in federal prison at various security levels, retaliations for his activism have earned him long stretches in solitary, or "the hole." While in prison, he has earned numerous academic, legal, and ministerial credentials. Christopher is very knowledgeable about prison-related legal issues, prison policy, federal regulations, and case law. He is the author of Federal Prison Handbook: The Definitive Guide to Surviving the Federal Bureau of Prisons (Middle Street Publishing, 2017), College for Convicts: The Case for Higher Education in American Prisons (McFarland & Company, 2014) and thePrison Education Guide (Prison Legal News Publishing, 2016).The Federal Prison Handbook is an IndieReader Discovery Awards winner. A regularly featured contributing writer for The Huffington Post and Prison Legal News, the nation's most prominent prison law publication, Christopher has enjoyed significant media exposure through appearances with the Wall Street Journal's Market Watch,,, In These Times, The Jeff McArthur Show, The Simi Sara Show,, 88.9 WERS' award-winning "You Are Here" radio segment, and The Examiner. Other articles and book reviews appeared in The New York Journal of Books, the Kansas City Star, The Sacramento Bee, Blog Critics, Midwest Book Review, Basil and Spice, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, SF Gate, AND Magazine,, Rain Taxi, and the Education Behind Bars Newsletter, with content syndicated by the Associated Press, Google News, and Yahoo News. He established three websites:,, and, and was a former editor of the Education Behind Bars Newsletter. In 2011, his fiction won two PEN American Center Prison Writing Awards for a screenplay and a short story. He taught a popular course on writing and publishing to over 100 fellow prisoners. Today Christopher is successfully working on a Bachelor's Degree in Interdisciplinary Studies (Business/Law) from Adams State University. Following his 2016 graduation, he plans on attending Adams State University's MBA program. He regularly advises fellow prisoners and prison consultants about legal issues and federal regulations governing the Federal Bureau of Prisons operations. Upon release he plans to attend law school and become a federal criminal defense attorney. Christopher will not allow incarceration to waste his years or halt the progress of his life. He began his prison terms as a confused kid who made poor decisions but is today determined to create a better life. "We can't let the past define us," he says. "We have to do something today to make tomorrow what we want it to be."

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