When writing for a younger audience, the Young Adult or teen reader, an author has to find the perfect balance between going over his or her audience’s head and appearing to talk down to them. What made books like J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series such a success was her ability to create characters who were not only believable but whom her readers could identify with. As our perceptions of the world she created were shaped by Harry’s reactions any false notes in her characterization would have shattered the illusion of reality she had created. If a reader can believe in and identify with the character who we see the world through he or she will accept just about any reality they find themselves transported into.
Australian author Emily Rodda has obviously taken that lesson to heart, judging by her most recent release in North America The Golden Door, the first book in her The Three Doors trilogy, published by Puffin Books an imprint of Penguin Canada. Following in the footsteps of generations of storytellers before her Rodda’s story sends a hero out into the unknown on a quest. However, with the careful injection of her own ingredients, she manages to put a new spin on the ages old format.
Young Rye lives with his mother Lisbeth and two elder brothers, Dirk and Sholto, in the walled city of Weld on the island of Dorne. According to the city’s legends it had been founded over a thousand years ago by a sorcerer Dann. Seeking a place of peace and refuge for him and his followers, he had led his people into the secret centre of the island, surrounded by the mysterious Fell Zone, and with his magic raised a towering wall within which Weld nestled safe from the fierce creatures and barbarians that plagued the island. Generations later the city is ruled by a Warden, a direct descendant of Dann’s original appointed heir.
As the years have passed the magic supposedly used to create The Wall (the citizens of Weld refer to it with a reverence akin to the way others talk about a god or a hero) has waned. Until recently this hasn’t been a problem. So grateful are they for their supposed safety the people of Weld have willingly obeyed all the strictures imposed on them by the Wardens down through the years. Notices placed around the city in the Warden’s name remind people to dress warmly in the cold months, tell children to be careful not to play too roughly in case they hurt one another and generally dictate every aspect of their lives.
However, all that began to change five years ago when the skimmers first appeared. Fell creatures from the sky with an appetite for warm flesh and blood, the skimmers fly over The Wall in the warm season and attack anything they find out in the open. As they are attracted by light, sound and the smell of flesh summer nights see the citizens of Weld locking themselves up into their houses. Sitting in the dark, eating cold meals and carrying on conversations in whispers, they listen to the sound of leathery wings flying overhead. Even leaving a shutter over a window open a crack could be enough for the skimmers. Many a morning houses have been found cracked open like eggs and their inhabitants slaughtered.
As the attacks have grown fiercer and the measures taken by the Warden to protect the people have failed, disquiet begins to grown among Weld’s citizens. Both Rye’s older brothers, big burly brave Dirk and clever Sholto, the apprentice healer, have given voice to their frustration. So when the Warden calls for volunteers to leave Weld and search for the source of the Skimmers, it’s no surprise that both end up leaving as they each in turn come of age. When they both fail to return Rye obsesses over their fate. For although the Warden declares them dead after they have each been gone a year, Rye believes they are both still alive.
When disaster strikes Rye and his mother, Skimmers destroy their only means of livelihood and they are forced to seek shelter in Warden’s Keep, Rye’s decision to lie about his age and volunteer to leave Weld is only inevitable. How, though, does one leave the city? For one of the oddities of Weld is there is no visible gate allowing exit or entrance. Hence the title of the series. Secreted well beneath the Keep lies a secret chamber containing three doors. Made of gold, silver and wood each of the doors leads to a different destination in the outer world.
While Rye’s first instinct is to pick the wooden door, his quest isn’t to find the skimmers like everybody else. No, he is determined to find his two brothers and bring them back alive. Knowing his brothers as well as he does he realizes brave Dirk will have chosen the door of gold and Sholto the silver. Determined to bring his older brother back he’s just about to leave through the gold door when he’s interrupted. A girl his age climbs out of the fireplace in the secret chamber and demands he take her with him. He only gives in when she threatens to tell the Warden he’s underage. So Rye and his unwanted companion, Sonia, step through the gold door into another world.
While it’s through the door Rye and Sonia’s quest begins, they are also presented with another mystery which Rodda’s establishment of their life within Weld set up. Growing up, Rye was taught Weld and its Wall were the centre of their universe. But once out in the world he soon discovers its merely one, insignificant, part of something much larger. Things aren’t as cut and dried as he’d been taught. While he goes about completing his tasks–finding his brother Dirk and rescuing him–as readers we feel his amazement at the size and diversity of the world beyond the shelter of his city.
While Rye himself is too preoccupied with his quest to begin the process of questioning what he has been taught, we’re left no doubt that seeds of disquiet have been planted. Rodda is too smart a story teller to spell these things out for us, but from his reactions to what he sees and the things that happen to him Rye’s world view is being shaken. As readers we begin to wonder about the real reasons behind the creation of Weld, its impenetrable wall and the amount of control exerted over its inhabitants by the Warden. Was The Wall created to keep the rest of the world at bay or to keep Weld’s citizens in?
At first glance the characters of Rye’s older brothers seem to be less real people and more types. However, as the story develops we realize this is because Rodda has done such a good job of telling the story from Rye’s point of view. Until he understands the world more a younger brother sees his elders only in terms of their dominant characteristic and not as complete humans. As Rye’s horizons expand with his travelling beyond Weld he comes to understand there’s more to both himself and his brothers. He’s no longer merely the younger brother who must be looked after and worried about.
With The Golden Door Rodda has created the beginnings of what has the potential to be a fascinating multi-layered adventure. Not only will Rye’s quest to find his brothers and deliver Weld from skimmer attacks continue, there is also the mystery of Weld’s creation and the nature of the world its located in to solve. Of course, there’s also the question of Sonia and Rye’s friendship. While they started off in adversity, they quickly came to trust each other and gradually earned each other’s respect and friendship. It will be interesting to see how both their characters and their relationship develop over the course of the trilogy.
All in all this is a very promising start. It’s not often you find a Young Adult fantasy series which does more than recount the adventures of its heroes. Without being didactic or obvious Rodda raises some fairly sophisticated and pertinent social issues. In these days of heightened security we are being asked to surrender various rights in the name of safety. In Weld we see that carried to an extreme, with a ruler trying to dictate everything about how its people live for their own good. Isolation from the world around you might keep you safe, but at what cost? It will be very interesting to see what Rodda does with these themes while continuing to tell her story.