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WWII Cartoon Propaganda, and Popeye “Seein’ Red, White and Blue”

Rather unlike today, during World War II most people in the American entertainment industry were actually pro-American patriots — even a lot of hardcore left-wingers like Theodor Geisel. Perhaps that wasn’t always 100% a good thing, but there it was.

Even a number of popular cartoons were used as vehicles for pro-war patriotic propaganda. Warner Brothers cartoons were noteworthy in that respect, with Bugs Bunny whipping Axis ass, as in “Tokio Jokio.” South Park was specifically paying homage to these patriotic cartoons in their own classic immediate response to 9/11, “Osama Bin Laden Has Farty Pants.” These vintage cartoons are a useful direct window into how the popular culture of the time looked at the situation, certainly much different than today. Try to imagine Matt Groening letting the Simpsons sell war bonds. We’d be fairly well screwed if we were dependent on Homer Simpson to save the land.

Being a mighty sailing man, of course Popeye got recruited for some of the WWII propaganda fun, as when he single-handedly dispatched a sub full of Asian enemies in the infamous “You’re a Sap, Mr Jap.”

I was struck today, however, by a 1943 Popeye short, “Seein’ Red, White and Blue,” especially because it pokes at my own hot buttons and ambivalence. The basic plot involved Bluto trying to get out of the draft, with Popeye representing for the draft board. This gets at something of a point of tension to me, as I’ve become much more hawkish in my thinking in this post-9/11 era of jihad.

I tend to favor killing dangerous enemies, but I’m still the libertarian that I’ve always been, and I still reject the military draft as the cruelest and worst form of slavery. If our government wants young men to go kill people, they need to make a persuasive enough case to them to get them to agree to voluntary servitude. But then, what if the wolf really is at the door? There’s Vietnam, and then there’s World War II.

Watching this cartoon closely, though, Bluto didn’t actually get drafted. After spending most of the show trying to get injured, he finally got his “exception.” But when he sees the enemy pounding Popeye, he volunteers. One interesting bit that I’ve never seen in any other Popeye cartoon: He ends up feeding spinach to Bluto. Bluto on spinach is Bad News for the emperor.

Some modern folk will object to any form of popular entertainment supporting the US government in any kind of military effort, but beyond that cheap faux-morality, even a racially insensitive right wing nut such as me can be taken aback by the crude and casual racism in some of this. For example, it set me back a little to see this creation from the pen of Dr Seuss about the “honorable fifth column” stocking up while “waiting for a signal from home”:

racist Dr Seuss 1943 World War II editorial cartoon

For starters, this business about Japanese-Americans being a fifth column just wasn’t true. Historically, there were very few of them anything other than loyal to America. FDR’s mass internment of loyal Americans was a terrible and utterly unnecessary blot on the national record.

Looking at these depictions of “Japs” in the Popeye cartoons and especially in the Dr Seuss images gives me pause over my own attitudes. Frankly, I have little patience at this point for any kind of Muslim nonsense – but how will the things I’m writing and saying today look 50 years from now?

Then again, of course circumstances are different now from WWII. The Japanese “fifth column” was non-existent. But now, we actually DO have sleeper cells, including native born Americans of Muslim descent being recruited to kill US. How do we deal honestly with such things without becoming bigots?

All I can do is to try to be a fair referee and honestly call ‘em as I see ‘em, in the most straightforward manner – just like Popeye.

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  • aMeriPrankster

    Did you catch the swastika frame in the bomb explosion?

    Similarly, Coal Black an de Sebbin Dwarves, a Merrie Melodies cartoon released in 1943, is a racist take on Snow White and, if I remember correctly, has a pro-military message inside.

  • El Bicho

    Warner Bros had another I’ve seen called “Bugs Bunny Nips the Nips”.

  • Scott Kohlhaas


    It’s great to see you still speaking out against the draft!

    Would you be willing to spread the word about It’s a site dedicated to shattering the myths surrounding the selective slavery system and building mass civil disobedience to stop the draft before it starts.

    Our banner on a website, printing and posting the anti-draft flyer or just telling friends would help.


    Scott Kohlhaas

    PS. When it comes to conscription, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure!