***** - a masterpiece
Detractors and those in praise of Gus Van Sant's Cannes Film Festival success seem to have one sentiment in common - both believe that the film offers no analysis or insight into school violence. That view is certainly correct in the sense that Elephant isn’t bent on the politics of school violence - Van Sant is smart enough to realize that violence isn't a math problem, it's too complex to find concrete causes and solutions for. But, to say the film doesn’t offer insight or has a point as a result of its ignoring of politics is a misinterpretation, from where I stand.
On a very base level, Elephant has definite purpose as a technical exercise. Van Sant's previous feature, Gerry, felt like an experiment mixing a variety of influence and for things to come. Some of Elephant's stylisms, in hindsight of that film, clearly come from it. After years dabbling in traditional narrative, Gerry at very least was a way of Van Sant to get a hold of the reigns of experimental cinema once again - and that experience has allowed him to perfect Elephant a bit. Despite its influences, Elephant feels completely unique. I'm not entirely sure I've viewed anything quite like it - even with the likes of films with somewhat-similar subject-matter (If...) and aesthetics (to whatever extent, Gerry and the films of Andrei Tarkovsky). As an aesthetic experience, it certainly feels like one that holds its own.
Elephant is an observation and a snapshot (or time capsule) of a general contemporary American high school experience. There is insight that comes from observation, simply showing possibilities is often enough - by allowing the view to decide for themselves what is possibly a defining factor in the warped mindset of the boys. But, the observation serves more importantly in offering a highly-visceral tone that is perhaps the most accurate "explanation" of them all. Most killers aren't likely to be introspective about their actions - the thoughts "I kill because my parents haven't met my emotional needs" or "I kill because I listen to violent music and play violent videogames" probably didn't run through the minds of the Columbine killers, or the killers in the film. Such introspection would lead more to healing and understanding, than it would to violence - one who commits an act is more likely to be an open wound.