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Senate Considers Immigration Reform

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This article will explore some of the challenges and opportunities which immigration reform will present if it is ever implemented as envisioned by the United States Congress in S744 and various amendments.

One of the most perplexing questions politicians on both sides of the aisle face on immigration reform is when and under what circumstances the border with Mexico can be made secure.

In the background, another important issue lurks: the ongoing growth of the U.S. population since 2000; from 300 million to 315 million. This growth rate has exceeded the death rate so that the total number of people actuarially increases each year as does the world population itself.

Population increases in the U.S. are potentially problematic because the unemployment rate is over 7.5 percent and millions have given up on ever seeking employment. Still others are underemployed. Add to this the millions of jobs that have left the U.S. for overseas, as well as outsourcing to foreign operations centers.

The starting point for immigration is critical because the legalization process would commence for an estimated 10 million people here illegally once our borders are secure. Under the Senate bill, the Department of Homeland Security must create a viable plan that could stop vast numbers of illegal crossings along the U.S. border with Mexico.

For an immigration plan to pass muster, the federal government must secure the border, consider implementing a controversial program for drone surveillance, hire more Customs and Border Protection personnel and possibly expel people already here in the United States illegally. Guest worker programs would commence now for persons agreeing to take jobs that are hard to place. Employers would be required to verify that all employees are here legally. 

Congress must consider what workers will do once they become a permanent part of local workforces. Historically, immigrants have worked in building trades, driving, machining occupations, mechanics, service occupations and even franchises of every size.

In the building trades alone, demand for new workers has been relatively stable for carpenters, assemblers, electricians, brick layers, elevator repair, plasterers, roofers, iron workers, boiler repair, solar energy installations and many others. Millions of people work in service occupations such as building custodians, cooks, chefs, hospital attendants, bartenders, security guards, fire fighters and cosmeticians.

Assimilation is another hot issue. Luckily, language teaching has become more systematic with programs like Pimsleur which guarantee a basic fluency in just 10 days.

In the event the United States embarks on a bold new plan for upgrading infrastructure, the demand for labor may increase to the point where there could be a labor shortage. Only time will tell whether or not a thriving economy will be able to accommodate employment for the millions of people already here, as well as a rise in new immigration from countries all over the globe.

About Dr Joseph S Maresca

I've taught approx. 34 sections of collegiate courses including computer applications, college algebra, collegiate statistics, law, accounting, finance and economics. The experience includes service as a Board Director on the CPA Journal and Editor of the CPA Candidates Inc. Newsletter. In college, I worked as a statistics lab assistant. Manhattan College awarded a BS in an allied area of operations research. The program included courses in calculus, ordinary differential equations, probability, statistical inference, linear algebra , the more advanced operations research, price analysis and econometrics. Membership in the Delta Mu Delta National Honor Society was granted together with the degree. My experience includes both private account and industry. In addition, I've worked extensively in the Examinations Division of the AICPA from time to time. Recently, I passed the Engineering in Training Exam which consisted of 9 hours of examination in chemistry, physics, calculus, differential equations, linear algebra, probability/ statistics, fluids, electronics, materials science/structure of matter, mechanics, statics, thermodynamics, computer science, dynamics and a host of minor subject areas like engineering economics. A very small percentage of engineers actually take and pass the EIT exam. The number has hovered at circa 5%. Several decades ago, I passed the CPA examination and obtained another license in Computer Information Systems Auditing. A CISA must have knowledge in the areas of data center review, systems applications, the operating system of the computer, disaster recovery, contingency planning, developmental systems, the standards which govern facility reviews and a host of other areas. An MBA in Accounting with an Advanced Professional Certificate in Computer Applications/ Information Systems , an Advanced Professional Certificate in Finance and an Advanced Professional Certificate in Organizational Design were earned at New York University-Graduate School of Business (Stern ). In December of 2005, an earned PhD in Accounting was granted by the Ross College. The program entrance requires a previous Masters Degree for admittance together with a host of other criteria. The REGISTRAR of Ross College contact is: Tel . US 202-318-4454 FAX [records for Dr. Joseph S. Maresca Box 646 Bronxville NY 10708-3602] The clinical experience included the teaching of approximately 34 sections of college accounting, economics, statistics, college algebra, law, thesis project coursework and the professional grading of approx. 50,000 CPA examination essays with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Additionally, membership is held in the Sigma Beta Delta International Honor Society chartered in 1994. Significant writings include over 10 copyrights in the name of the author (Joseph S. Maresca) and a patent in the earthquake sciences.