A: Oh, we’ve struggled with chicken and egg question, and we’ve hesitated on the tree in forest acoustics problem, but in this case we have a definite answer for you. Drum roll, please! In the question of which came first turkey the bird, or turkey the country, the winner is: Turkey-the-country!
Turns out, turkey-the-bird is native to North America and only acquired its name when the Spanish brought it from Mexico to Europe. When the fowl made its triumphant debut in England, it was unfortunately mistaken for a Guinea Hen (how embarrassing!). Believing they knew all about the Guinea Hen, a common bird regularly imported from Africa by the Turks, the English proceeded to demonstrate they were the real turkeys in this story, and renamed the Turkey after its supposed importers.