It has once again been proven that globalisation is only for MNCs and TNCs but not for workers. The justice systems are increasingly ruling in defence of the interests of the big business houses. The recent case of gender discrimination at Wal-Mart brought to light that gender discrimination is not an exception for exploitation and for maximisation of the profits.
The case pertains to women, who sued Wal-Mart for paying women less than men and for promoting women less frequently. MSNBC wrote, “the company said the women should not be allowed to join together in the lawsuit because each outlet operates as an independent business. Since it doesn't have a companywide policy of discrimination, Wal-Mart argued that women alleging gender bias should file individual lawsuits against individual stores.”
Does Wal-Mart mean it has no centralised business administrative body? Does it mean it maintains separate ownerships for each shop? Does it mean decision-making is not done at a central level but at the lowest level? Not at all. Wal-Mart implements uniform rules in all of its stores around the world. It maintains centralized accounts. It does not give reports of profits, turnover and bonuses for each shop. Yet, it chose to appeal in court claiming, “women should not be allowed to join together in the lawsuit because each outlet operates as an independent business.”
It can exploit gender disparity, prevalent in the present patriarchal societies spread in almost all countries in the world to increase its profits. When it comes to earnings, it is a global firm that pressurises governments across the world to open up retail business sector. However, when it comes to paying workers and when it comes to facing a lawsuit, it wants to treat the company in pieces. In addition, even the justice system tends to defend business interests rather than workers interests. Isn’t it true that the whole world has become a global village as a result of implementation of globalisation policies?
It seems Wal-Mart is ready to admit, maybe temporarily until the lawsuit settlement, that the globalisation policies are framed to favour the companies but not the workers.
Globalisation, nowadays, has become a catchword to every person on this globe. The policies associated with the term have spread rapidly around the world with the establishment of WTO, as a culmination of the GATT agreement. It has brought unprecedented business opportunities to MNCs, TNCs, cartels or conglomerates around the world. It has paved the way for the formation of even more larger companies through ever more number of Mergers and Acquisitions. It has paved the way to open wide the gates of economic systems across the third world countries in favour of multinational and transnational companies.