The original wording of the 10th Amendment was “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Of late, the Tenth Amendment is interpreted as giving individual states authority to, for example, publish school books and prepare curriculum of their own determination.
The theory of evolution often comes up in these discussions; some individuals, some states, we know may prefer their children be taught “Creationism,” or “Intelligent Design” instead of the common standard evolution. Also, there have been cases of historical events being reinterpreted by school districts. In one case, the capture of African people and their transportation to America and slavery has been written in far different ways from those traditionally and previously taught. These differences in education may cause difficulties to students from remote areas who may someday find themselves hoping to achieve some greater success in, say, New York City, or Los Angeles.
On the issue of Federalism, States would have greater authority in punishing crime, or regulating the influx of illegal aliens. Governor Perry has specifically said that the individual should be able to choose to smoke marijuana. His general viewpoint is clearly evident in his statements about gay marriage. "Our friends in New York six weeks ago passed a statute that said marriage can be between two people of the same sex. And you know what? That's New York, and that's their business, and that's fine with me!" Does he mince words? Does he distinguish between what might be right for New York, and for Texas? Or for the entire country? And if pot is okay with Perry, do other drugs also come into alignment with his views?
In a very recent poll, 17% of voters are favoring Mitt Romney, but already, 15% are looking for leadership from Texas Governor Rick Perry. For the record, behind Perry is Sarah Palin with about 12%.