Over the last several days, I have really been doubling down on my idea that all politics are rooted in economics. Focusing on the family, no pun intended, as this is the basic social unit of society, I believe that I have stumbled across something very interesting: while the modern American family takes many forms, changing from place to place and offering a broad spectrum of political views, it exists in what is essentially one of two categories. Each is a culture in and of itself, and therefore produces markedly different types of people.
The first, and most common throughout history, is neatly summed up by theoconservative Rick Santorum, the former U.S. senator from Pennsylvania, who was defeated in a historical landslide during his last reelection bid. It goes like this:
(The) whole idea of personal autonomy, well I don’t think most....hold that point of view. Some do. They have this idea that people should be left alone, be able to do whatever they want to do, government should keep our taxes down and keep our regulations low....There is no such society that I’m aware of, where we’ve had radical individualism and that it succeeds as a culture.
This is the culture of duty; not duty for the sake of a cherished value such as the welfare of a loved one or patriotic feeling toward a country. No, duty for nothing other than the sake of submission. It relies upon a system of beliefs in which the individual is nothing more than an end to the means of others. Personal rights and liberties are sometimes given lip service, but at the end of the day, they are nothing more than sweet talk used to temper the masses.
The culture of duty can be found, oddly enough, in many regions of the country whose inhabitants would proudly label themselves as supporters of everything that Santorum railed against. These regions, as I noted in my previous article, have America's highest rates of social problems, ranging from out of wedlock births to low paying jobs. Life in these places often revolves around fundamentalist religion, with much of modern science being regarded as a horrific heresy.
The second, and most outwardly despised yet secretly envied, is crammed into a nutshell by hugely influential philosopher Ayn Rand:
(Altruism) has indoctrinated men with the idea that to value another human being is an act of selflessness, thus implying that a man can have no personal interest in others—that to value another means to sacrifice oneself—that any love, respect or admiration a man may feel for others is not and cannot be a source of his own enjoyment, but is a threat to his existence, a sacrificial blank check signed over to his loved ones.
Accept the fact that the achievement of your happiness is the only moral purpose of your life, and that happiness—not pain or mindless self-indulgence—is the proof of your moral integrity, since it is the proof and the result of your loyalty to the achievement of your values.
This is the culture of achievement; achievement not for the sake of crazed hedonism, but human productivity resulting in societal progression. It has been the source of everything that most hold dear about America, from the Constitution to pocket sized computers. Relying upon our capacity for rational thought, it opens doors numerous as the stars in the sky. It consists of a belief structure centered around self-empowerment, and can potentially lead to the highest pinnacle imaginable; realizing one's own dreams.