Capital punishment has been the subject of vociferous debate in the international arena for some decades now. Capital punishment has existed in almost all societies from the very germination of human civilization. With the application of this retribution sometimes imbalanced against the severity of the offence, the brutality of the method of execution varied, and the social status of the guilty played a vital role in the judicial sentencing.
But as democracy evolved in the west, as feudalism began declining in many cultures, and as the perception of the human rights of the convict gained consideration, humanitarian views toward the most extreme penalty were incorporated into the practice of jurisprudence in many societies over time. Inevitably, crucifixion in ancient Rome dwindled into history, execution as a tool of the Inquisition in Europe faded into a mere part of ecclesiastical tyranny, and death by strangulation as practiced in Tang China ceased to exist.
On March first, Governor Martin O’Malley’s bill to repeal Maryland’s death penalty survived an early test as supporters turned back an amendment that would have allowed executions to continue in some cases. The Maryland Senate paused its debate on the bill that would make Maryland the 18th state in the nation to eliminate the death penalty after advocates of repeal won a key test vote.
Because the US is a democracy with a federal constitution, capital punishment laws are controlled by the individual states. But despite being a union of independent nations, the European Union has abolished the death penalty everywhere except in Belarus. Even in the case of the US, the statistics of executions carried out across the states vary, but there has been a strong postulate from the opponents of this ultimate penalty for a nationwide moratorium. Islamic countries on the on the other hand, never hesitate to execute alleged criminals on charges such as apostasy, heresy and blasphemy in accordance with Sharia’h law, which violates the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN in 1948.