America’s role in brokering peace between Israel and the Palestinians will always fall short of total impartiality as long as Israel continues to have such a strong influence on our Middle East policy, tilting it heavily in favor of Israel, while demanding impossible concessions from the Palestinians. This view has been echoed by many prominent world figures, including President Carter and Bishop Desmond Tutu. The best-kept secret in America is the fact that there are strong voices of dissent within Israel calling for a more humane treatment of Palestinians by Israel as a means of achieving the peace that has proved so elusive to both nations since the very creation of Israel. This dissent has found expression even within the IDF where ranking officers have openly refused to serve in the occupied territories. Of course, the Israeli government as a rule does not brook criticism of its treatment of the Palestinians, regardless of the source of such criticism. Jimmy Carter’s book, Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid, got a not unexpected hostile reception in Israel and among supporters of Israel’s policy towards the Palestinians. Another book, “Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History by Norman Finkelstein, a Jewish scholar and former political science professor at DePaul University, fared no better in Israeli government circles or with right wing Jews. No one can predict how long, if ever, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will take to resolve, paving the way for peaceful co-existence between the two. One thing is clear, though: America’s Middle East policy will need to be more even-handed in order for it successfully to broker peace between Israel and the Palestinians.