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Open source is a set of principles and practices that promote access to the production and design process for various goods, products, resources and technical conclusions or advice. The term is most commonly applied to the source code of software that is made available to the general public with relaxed or non-existent intellectual property restrictions. This allows users to create user-generated software content through incremental individual effort or through collaboration.

Popular open source projects include the Apache web server, MySQL database, and Firefox web browser, as well as many others.

The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit corporation formed to educate about, and advocate for, the benefits of open source. OSI works to build bridges among different constituencies in the open-source community.

One of the OSI’s most important activities is as a standards body, maintaining the Open Source Definition for the good of the community. The Open Source Initiative Approved License trademark and program creates a nexus of trust around which developers, users, corporations and governments can organize open-source cooperation.

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