Fearing the devil, the townspeople buried him in an unmarked grave.
Johnson's recorded legacy supposedly refers to his deal with the devil in "Crossroads Blues", "Me and the Devil Blues" and "Hellhounds On My Trail".
A more likely explanation for Johnson's tremendous guitar prowess was probably a magical ritual known as "practice" as well as help from a guitar tutor, one Ike Zinneman (an unrecorded bluesman known for practicing in the local cemetery, sitting on gravestones). But the sold his soul legend persists to this day.
Part II: The Satanic 60's
When rock 'n' roll appeared in the 1950's, and its effect on teens became known, it was only natural that it would be derided as the Devil's music as well. It was also attacked as decadent, dangerous, immoral, obscene, and even part of a Communist think tank's psych-op assault on the West. Rock music was one of the first cultural movements in America that was somewhat colorblind as well; white musicians covered black songwriters, black musicians covered white ones. White kids bought records by black musicians, which alarmed fundamentalist, segregationist elements in society. Many forces aligned in the late 50's to end the menace before it could get out of hand. So Elvis was drafted, Chuck Berry arrested, Jerry Lee Lewis blackballed. Eddie Cochrane and Buddy Holly were killed in accidents, Little Richard became a preacher. By the early 60's, rock was, for all intents and purposes, dead. Gone with it were the hip shaking, dancing, shaking, and partying the Devil commanded.
It was a short-lived victory for the legions of decency. The Beatles rolled into town in 1964, and worse, so did the Rolling Stones and Animals. The British Invasion was also greeted with accusations of communist plot and devil's music, but it was too big to stop. Also too big was the demographic who listened to it, the first Baby Boomers to reach adulthood. The enormous demographic swing of the 1960's saw an unprecedented number of young people reach prime record buying age.
The 60's were a time of reckless experimentation and fads. Drugs became a significant component of white suburban life for the very first time, as youth experimented with pot and LSD. The drug experience, coupled with a new political awareness thanks largely to the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights movement, helped create a new underground youth movement, which popularly came to be known as the counterculture, egged on by the Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out and Never Trust Anyone Over Thirty philosophies of the day.