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Munson’s Death Also Meant the Death of the Bronx Zoo

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The 30-year anniversary of Thurman Munson's death also marks the anniversary of the conclusion of one of the wildest times in New York Yankees' history — the era forever known as that of the "Bronx Zoo." Munson was the captain (the position reinstated for the first time since the retirement of Lou Gehrig) of a team that consisted of a motley crew of characters unlike anything ever seen in pinstripes.

Featuring flashy personalities like "Mr October" Reggie Jackson and Mickey Rivers along side throwback, brawler-types like Greg Nettles and Goose Gossage, the team was less skilled but far more interesting than any Yankees team preceding it. Led by the fiery but brilliant skipper Billy Martin — at constant war with both his star power-hitter Jackson and owner George Steinbrenner — Munson was the lone stabilizing force in a clubhouse that otherwise surely would have imploded. The results of this dual effect of stabilization and inspiration were three AL Pennants, two World Series titles, and the resurgence of Yankee baseball.

Munson was a purebred Yankee from the start, winning the AL Rookie of the Year award in 1970 on a team that finished 93-69, good enough for 2nd in the AL East and 13 wins better than their 5th place finish the previous season. While the Yankees would struggle during the next three campaigns — their once mighty dynasty broken down by age, expansion and the accompanying draft — it was clear that as Munson matured the next generation of Yankees would improve. He provided a light gleaming through the darkness of a once bleak future for the franchise.

By 1975 the Yankees had acquired the core of the teams that would win back-to-back championships in 1977 and 1978. In addition to the captain Munson, the Yankees featured Chris Chambliss at 1st base, Nettles at 3rd, homegrown Yankee Roy White in left field, and right fielder Lou Piniella platooning and coming off of the bench. Hall of Famer Catfish Hunter — acquired in the purge of the Oakland A's three championship teams that would eventually bring Jackson to the club in 1977 — headed the starting rotation while Sparky Lyle, Dick Tidrow, and a 24-year-old Ron Guidry worked out of the bullpen. This was also the first season with former-Yankees player and multi-World Series champion Billy Martin at the helm of the club.

1976 was a banner year for Munson. Always outstanding defensively (three Gold Gloves) Thurman put it all together at the plate, batting .302/17/105 and .337/.432/.769, garnering the AL MVP Award and one of his seven career All-Star selections. Statistically one could argue that Munson's '75 and '77 seasons were slightly better, but the MVP Award and the AL pennant (loss to the Big Red Machine aside) brought hope and enthusiasm back into baseball in New York, thereby making the season's impact much more significant to the overall landscape of Yankee baseball.

New owner George Steinbrenner was building his team into a new concept brand and while personalities like Reggie Jackson were inarguably integral from a general publicity standpoint, Steinbrenner knew that a figure like Munson was important to the purist (read white) fans and — because of his immense talent — to victories on the field. No amount of flashy marketing or charisma will make up for poor play and weak values and character. And in that 1976 season — one year from the arrival of Jackson and the true beginning of the madness of the Bronx Zoo — "the Captain" brought a beleaguered but still proud franchise back to prominence and the World Series.

The rest is well documented in baseball history. The Yankees organization screamed in the headlines, brawled on the field, and brought home two World Series Championships even after having manager Martin fired early in 1978 and replaced by Bob Lemon, only to be brought back one season later. The team was wild, tough, and unique to the lineage of the franchise; constantly teetering on the brink of disaster but held together by their enigmatic captain.

But on an off day — August 2, 1979 — the foundation was destroyed, and with it, the functionality of "the Zoo." The Yankees would be inspired by their captain to one more victory after the tragedy on that day. In a nationally broadcasted contest against the Baltimore Orioles on the day of Munson's funeral, the Yankees flew back to New York that night to play the game dedicated to their fallen teammate. Bobby Murcer — after giving the eulogy at the funeral — took control of the game and honored Thurman with a fitting tribute. He brought the Yanks back from a 4-0 nothing deficit with a three-run homer in the 7th inning and a walk-off, two run, single in the bottom of the ninth. Munson's close friend and early Yankees teammate almost singlehandedly won the game, giving the nation one last dramatic glimpse of a team that burned out without its captains as quickly as it was set ablaze by his presence.

Soon Jackson, Nettles, Rivers, Gossage, Lyle and others were gone, moving the Yankees into a new decade with Dave Winfield and Don Baylor. Following Munson's death the Yankees would only see the World Series once until 1996, and it didn't end well.

But Thurman's career and his death are defined by far more than the pennants, championships, and awards he collected. Munson was a catalyst, a component, and ultimately an inseparable portion of the identity of one of the most unique, entertaining, and intriguing dynasties in Yankees history. Devoid of any true star-power aside from Jackson, they simply functioned as a dysfunctional machine that played Billy Ball to perfection. And while The Boss's cash financed the project and Martin's brains developed it, there would have been no results without Thurman Lee Munson.

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