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Jerk chicken: Jamaica’s Most Authentic Food

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Studying demonstrations from the likes of Collin Brown, Levi Roots, Rustie Lee and Hassan DeFour reveal the common specialities of cooking Caribbean cuisine. Likewise, flipping through heaps of recipe books; some simple, some more indepth, highlights the growth of interest in this area. But distinctively, it is the essence of pit-smoked jerk cooking that has been making its way beyond just the TV screens and recipe books and into people’s rustic kitchens.

This method dates back to the Arawak Indians some 2500 years ago who came from South America and inhabited Jamaica. After the capture, cleansing and gutting of an animal, similar to procedures in Peru, they would place the chicken in a deep pit lined with stones. When burned, it would smoulder immensely and enhance the taste; the meat would be ‘jerked’ with a sharp object to make holes which were stuffed with herbs.

Clutching an abundance of ingredients, I return to my wooden sideboards to make my own signature jerk chicken, as if it were second nature. The tender rubbing of the large boneless chicken sprinkled with salt and drops of sweet lime, with finely chopped scotch bonnet pepper, nutmeg, allspice, cinnamon, ginger and cayenne pepper brings the taste of the island straight to the kitchen. A common practice is not to skimp on the spices, even if you cut down on the heat. Don’t overlook the onions, garlic and vegetable oil to create a marinade to leave overnight.

Jamaicans have a way of cooking jerk chicken, with smoke seething from the crisp skin and evaporating into the air. I preheat the oven to 400F and cook the chicken for 30 minutes leaving a crisp skin with the tender meat underneath.

The concoction of a sweet and lingering aroma always leaves me yearning for a wonderfully spiced, yet moist and tender platter of homemade food, Jamaican style. The infusion of an open fire barbecue in traditional Jamaican cooking now occurs in jerk huts situated on the roadside. Usually, it is cooked in the ambience of people trading produce, while enjoying loud reggae music pulsating from the speaker set.

Memories are conjured of a small restaurant in Morant Bay where the burning heat from a round platter of jerk chicken, escaped without loss of moisture. This recent vacation proving that cooking this delicacy in the kitchen is now common place. But by with me using an electric double oven; the history is somewhat lost.

So divine and succulent, once cooked the first taste of jerk chicken on the tip of my tongue bangs on my taste buds like a percussion of steel drums, infusing a fiery and smoky reaction. If it’s hot and spicy it gets the blood flowing, red hot; like a colossal rush of sudden euphoria.

If I make any additions, it will be fried dumpling, plantain or festival, a real Jamaican treat to compliment the dish. Wash down with rum punch or anything which will quench your thirsts. Jerk seasoning isn’t only applied to chicken, but fish, beef, goat or any other meat. So remove those timid reservations and take your taste buds on an island expedition.

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About Olivia Heath

  • louise

    Lovely article. I can’t wait to cook this now!

  • Serah

    Agreed, just reading this article makes me so hungry. Not only do I want to have a go and cook this but I want to go Jamaica and experience the atmosphere. You’ve definitely sold it to me!

  • tonyspeed

    Just a few corrections. The origin of jerk is not the arawak indians but the run away slaves that inhabited the mountains. Jerk does not contain cayenne pepper. And rather than onions it contains escallion.

  • tonyspeed

    And it definitely does not contain ginger, which is an asian spice not brought to jamaica until much later.

  • CaraSmy

    @tonyspeed. I don’t think you have read her article properly, for she compares traditional methods of jerk cooking, with modern ones. So, as it stands you saying that it doesn’t contain onion or ginger, is your opinion rather than fact.

  • CaraSmy

    Also, just to add, there are some beautiful descriptions in this piece.

  • Trisha

    @tonyspeed I’m a Jamaican, and she got the ingredients spot on.

  • Joanna

    Marvellous. I’m feeling quite hungry!

  • David Olsen

    Original recipe, I want to try it!
    To tonyspeed,
    In my opinion doesn’t matter which ingredients chef using, most importantly that it tasty)

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