Finance is a concept that relates to balancing risk and profitability and can be exercised by an individual, organization or government. It normally involves a set of objectives and constraints designed to yield rewards. Today, finance most often relates to the “financial instruments” backing the value of goods or services. Financial instruments are bought and sold to provide a yield assuming risk is managed properly.
How financial instruments are valued is complicated and prone to market speculation.
Debt arbitration, also known as debt settlement, credit settlement or debt negotiation, is an approach to debt elimination (or reduction) in which the creditor and the debtor agree on a lower amount that will be considered payment in full.
Financial instruments come in a variety of forms, including stocks and bonds. When these instruments are owned, they are assets. They then are used to provide credit, which is used to invest in goods and services.