Though Mr Mubarak promised not to contest in coming elections in September, hundreds of thousands of protesting Egyptians do not agree to end their protests demanding him to step down immediately. Mr ElBaradei dismissed Mubarak’s announcement as a trick to continue in power. Western news agencies like BBC are writing that some sections of the people are accepting Mubarak’s announcement as a reliable stable solution, as sudden change “could lead to more drastic consequences.”
Apart from the pressure from Egyptians, leaders of the countries are also suggesting indirectly Mubarak to step down. Turkey’s PM Erdogan advised Mr Mubarak should take a “different step”, US President Barack Obama said transition must begin now in an orderly fashion. Egypt’s army, which had been saying that it would not use force against protesters, issued a statement on February 2 asking demonstrators to return to their homes. It said demonstrators succeeded conveying their message and they should now allow life in the country return to normalcy.
It is stated that the government restored internet connection that was cut for days for fear of spreading antigovernment sentiments across the country through social network websites like Facebook and Twitter. Nationwide curfew is also said to be eased reducing it to a lesser time period. According to UN estimates, at least 300 people have died in Egypt alone since the demonstrations began there ten days back.
The Tunisian revolution, which forced its president to flee the country, has triggered similar aspirations across the countries in North Africa and Middle Eastern regions. Algeria and Yemen are facing serious protests from their people forcing their leaders to offer immediate solutions to problems like unemployment and corruption, that bred wide spread unrest in those countries.
Egypt had been a reliable ally to the US in the Middle East for three decades. Egypt gave support to the U.S. and Israel making a peace deal with Israel under Mubarak’s leadership. Arab ethnicity of the Egyptian people did not stop Mubarak from making friendship with Israel against the wishes of the Arab population in the Middle East.
Though the U.S. champions itself of being the protector of democracies in the world, autocratic rule of Mr Mubarak had never become a problem to the US rulers. Irrespective of Republicans or Democrats leading the U.S. government, Mubarak remained a strong supporter of imperialist policies of the US regimes in the Middle East region. Not only the US, the other western imperialist countries also were comfortable with autocracy of Mr Mubarak. Mubarak had been a glaring example to the double standards of the foreign policies of the U.S. and other western countries.
Mr. ElBaradei, former Director General of the international nuclear watchdog IAEA, is being projected as the next leader of the liberated Egypt. Throughout his tenure as the head of IAEA ElBaradei worked to protect the U.S. interests in the name of working for nuclear non-proliferation. He proved himself the staunch supporter of U.S. interests throughout his career at IAEA. Under his leadership it was established that nuclear non-proliferation meant nothing but not to develop nuclear technology against the interests of the U.S. and other western countries.
If Mohammed ElBaradei takes up the reins of Egypt in the event of successful dethroning of Mubarak, Egyptians will not see their problems resolved, as he will continue the economic policies subservient to the U.S. imperialism. The only difference they may see is a multiparty political system and nominal recurring elections. Egyptians’ burning problems such as unemployment, poverty and corruption will continue unabated unless they choose other than western-sponsored solution of ElBaradei’s leadership.