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Dry Fly

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A dry fly is a floating insect imitation used to lure trout or other fish to feed on the surface. Most aquatic insects spend part of their lifecycle as underwater nymphs, with a final phase as terrestrial winged insect.

Dry flies are tied with light materials to improve their flotation ability and overcome the weight of a light wire hook, using chicken hackle to suspend the fly in the surface film. The common aquatic mayflies, caddis, and stoneflies usually pair up in swarms at dusk, and the females dab the surface laying eggs to perpetuate the species.

Trout and other freshwater fish intercept many of these floating insects, allowing fly fishermen to fish imitations of both the dying males and egg-laying female insects.

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