It’s graduation season, particularly here in the Philippines. A time for jubilation of graduates and respective families. Also, a time to reflect on concepts of education and corresponding issues on the state of our educational systems.
Education as a basic right
There is widespread global acceptance of the principle that education is a fundamental human right. This has been enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Education is therefore an essential public service. Every state or country is mandated to deliver such and take full responsibility for the good and welfare of its citizens. Gone are the ancient days when the chosen few were destined to be rulers, officers of the army, engineers, lords, teachers, and priests through education at the expense of the vast majority of peasants, laborers, and serfs who were deprived of the privilege.
Education as an agent of change
It has been said that the heart of education is the education of the heart. As such, education is an agent of change: change of values, as well as structures. An educated person is one who has undergone the process of transformation. From a passive spectator of the events taking place in society, an educated person has become an active participant in the affairs of his/her community.
Education and development
Education, inevitably, leads to development. A skilled and knowledgeable citizen is key to development. Since education produces new knowledge, ability, and skills in continuous improvement in all aspects, the growth of national product is inevitable.
But the contribution of education does not stop there. As Fritz Machlup noted in his book Education and Economic Growth, “it has been taken for granted that education would increase respect for law and order and promote a climate conducive to peaceful social, political and economic development.”