On this day, costumed children will prowl the nation, masks over their faces, lust for sweet treats and mischief in their hearts. Yes, as the pumpkins, skeletons, and witches festooning people's homes attest, it's Halloween. Of course, this autumn holiday has deep historical roots and an aura of seriousness largely ignored by the masses. Which is too bad, because Samhain — which is still celebrated by Pagans — was and is a holiday worthy of attention.
In ancient times, Samhain, which means "summer's end," marked the beginning of the cold, dark days of winter. In Ireland, Wales, and other countries, this was the time for feasting and dancing around bonfires in celebration and thanksgiving for the final harvest. Samhain also presented opportunties for divination and communing with spirits. This night was the most important of three Spirit Nights. From the rituals performed and games children played, one can see the seeds of Halloween customs still in use today. The following comes from the Celtic Spirit site:
At the heart of the Celtic Otherworld grows an apple tree whose fruit has magical properties. Old sagas tell of heroes crossing the western sea to find this wondrous country, known in Ireland as Emhain Abhlach, (Evan Avlach) and in Britain, Avalon. At Samhain, the apple harvest is in, and old hearthside games, such as apple-bobbing, called apple-dookin’ in Scotland, reflect the journey across water to obtain the magic apple.
Dookin' for Apples
Place a large tub, preferably wooden, on the floor, and half fill it with water. Tumble in plenty of apples, and have one person stir them around vigorously with a long wooden spoon or rod of hazel, ash or any other sacred tree.
Each player takes their turn kneeling on the floor, trying to capture the apples with their teeth as they go bobbing around. Each gets three tries before the next person has a go. Best to wear old clothes for this one, and have a roaring fire nearby so you can dry off while eating your prize!
If you do manage to capture an apple, you might want to keep it for a divination ritual, such as this one:
The Apple and the Mirror
Before the stroke of midnight, sit in front of a mirror in a room lit only by one candle or the moon. Go into the silence, and ask a question. Cut the apple into nine pieces. With your back to the mirror, eat eight of the pieces, then throw the ninth over your left shoulder. Turn your head to look over the same shoulder, and you will see and in image or symbol in the mirror that will tell you your answer.
(When you look in the mirror, let your focus go "soft," and allow the patterns made by the moon or candlelight and shadows to suggest forms, symbols and other dreamlike images that speak to your intuition.)
Go to a boundary stream and with closed eyes, take from the water three stones between middle finger and thumb, saying these words as each is gathered:
I will lift the stone
As Mary lifted it for her Son,
For substance, virtue, and strength;
May this stone be in my hand
Till I reach my journey's end.
Carry them home carefully and place them under your pillow. That night, ask for a dream that will give you guidance or a solution to a problem, and the stones will bring it for you.
Samhain is, of course, the Festival of the Dead. Halloween actually occurs on Samhain's eve. According to Irish myths, during that night the great shield of Scathach was lowered, eradicating the barriers between the worlds and permitting the forces of chaos to invade the realms of order. In other words, spirits of the dead would become part of the material world; the souls of the dead would walk among the land of the living. This may sound creepy to you, but in ancient times, these souls were welcomed and celebrated. I find it a beautiful thought, one that makes the holiday more than an excuse for costume shops and candymakers to bring in the bucks.