A: Mohandas “Mahatma” (Great-Souled) Gandhi -– the Susan Lucci of Nobel Peace Prize contenders –- was routinely nominated for the award: 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947, and 1948. He certainly deserved it; his nonviolent methods helped oust the British from India, and he became the model for future Peace Prize laureates like Martin Luther King, Jr.
When Gandhi received his final nomination in 1948, he was the odds-on favorite to win (Jimmy the Greek was paying 2 to 1 in Vegas). Unfortunately, Gandhi was assassinated just a few days before the deadline. Since the Nobel Prize is never awarded posthumously, the committee chose not to award the peace prize to anyone that year on the grounds that there was “no suitable living candidate.”
Also factored in was the fact that Gandhi left no heirs or foundations to which his prize money could go. However unfortunate we may think it is that Gandhi never lived to claim his prize, one imagines that he himself would’ve been okay with it. After all, as he succinctly put it: “Peace is its own reward.”