Still, Stewart himself might be among the first to recognize the possibility that such control may be a facade doomed to collapse. He notes in an afterword that the January 2005 elections trumpeted by the coalition produced exactly the kind of state in Maysan the coalition did not want to see – reactionary and intolerant toward women and religious minorities. It did, however, appear to have removed tribal gangsterism. Why? "The only two forces that remained outside the law were the Iranian-linked Badr militias and the Sadrists. But then they were now the elected government."