The supposed rule of thumb for avoiding controversy in polite society is not to have conversations about politics or religion. Apparently there aren’t many people who can be rational or calm with either topic. Which could go a long way towards explaining why so many people, even those who nominally share his religious beliefs, have problems with Michael Muhammad Knight’s books. Of course, the fact that he converted to Islam as a teenager is probably off putting to quite a number of Americans, but his work is controversial in the Muslim community as well. It seems not many approve of the fact he openly questions those aspects of the religion he doesn’t agree with and his willingness to explore teachings alternative to mainstream Islam.
Although his fiction, The Taqwacores and Osama Van Halen are perhaps more well known to readers at large, it’s his non-fiction; Journey To The End Of Islam, Impossible Man, The Five Percenters: Islam, Hip-Hop and the Gods Of New York and Blue Eyed Devil: A Road Odyssey Through Islamic America which have probably caused the most consternation among those of his own faith. Oh, sure, the fiction books are filled with enough bad behaviour to make most parents think twice about sending their children to university no matter what their faith. However, because they’re fiction they can be ignored and not taken seriously. It’s another matter all together when Knight starts into both the autobiographical stuff of Impossible Man and his analysis of various different Islamic philosophies around the world and throughout history.
Like most converts to anything, Knight went through a period of attempting to be more Islamic than thou, followed by a brief period of disillusionment. (Which, judging by what he’s written about that period, seems to have stemmed more from his own issues rather than his religion) It was when he truly began to settle into his faith, that he began to delve deeper into its history and philosophies. While this included travels through Africa, the Middle East (including making a pilgrimage to Mecca) and South East Asia, it also involved delving into the uniquely American versions of Islam which developed among African Americans. For even though his education in Islam had been in first a mainstream mosque in America and continued in a madrassa in Pakistan, it had been the writings of Malcolm X that had attracted him to the faith in the first place. However, the Nation Of Islam, of which Malcolm had been a member until his split with them shortly before his assassination, he was soon to discover, is considered misguided at best, or a heresy at worst, by the majority of Muslims.
While the Nation of Islam might have been bad enough, it’s an even more heretical group who Knight focuses on in his soon to be published Why I Am A Five Percenter, from Tarcher Books on October 25 2011 and Penguin Canada on October 13 2011. Knight delivers a concise and intelligent history of The Five Percenters, also known as The Nation of Gods and Earths, and their philosophies, while dispelling many of the myths surrounding them — they have been accused of everything from wanting to kill all the white people, to being a front for gang warfare or a terrorist organization. However, as in previous books, his primary concern is to further his very public discourse on Islam and his place in it. To this end he leads readers on a fascinating discussion on the nature of race and religion and a survey course on Sufi mysticism and Islamic studies as he attempts to reconcile his Five Percenter inclinations with his mainstream Islamic beliefs.
The issue of race is a major factor in Knight’s personal journey. As a white American convert to Islam he was doted over by his teachers in Pakistan. For while it was fairly common for African Americans to convert, whites were few and far between. However, both the Nation of Islam and the Five Percenters were created by and for African Americans and make no bones about the fact they see white society as the biggest obstacle in the way of their community’s advancement. It’s especially problematic among the latter who teach self-empowerment and self reliance by denying the existence of any “mystery god” and insisting every black man has the potential to be their own god. The answer to where does a young white dude fit into this is another question — what exactly is white? The definition has changed legally over the years in the US from where it used to exclude Irish, Italian and other non-Anglo Saxon Europeans in the 1800s to now where anybody of roughly European stock is considered “white” by all save for white extremists.