2312 by Kim Stanley Robinson is a bold thrust from the present into the next 300 years. Robinson speaks of a crisis between 2060-2130 with the disappearance of the arctic summer ice, permafrost melting, methane release, and a major rising of the sea levels.
By 2120, Robinson speaks of massive food shortages, riots, catastrophic death everywhere, and mass extinctions. The period from 2130-2160 will bring on replicating factories, terraforms on Mars, fusion power, synthetic biology, climate modification efforts and space elevators on the Earth and Mars. From 2160- 2220, human longevity will increase, terraforms of Mars will be in full bloom and people will get married at age 113.
The author believes that the success of the Martian revolution will bring upon an era of social-democratic democracy. Capitalism will become a residual rather than a primary philosophy driving life on Mars.
Robinson describes a typical descent onto Mars via a Pavonis space elevator.
Mars is a planet cut into huge red polygons and canals according to the author.
Visitors will be able to look down onto the surface to witness 3 prince volcanoes. Olympus Mons will be to the West like a round continent on an elevation.
2312 is an important warning signal to the current generation to embrace green technologies and take climate change more seriously. The author doesn’t say so but there are implications for changing the human diet from meat to more reliance on vegetables, fruits and home grown food. There are also implications for building underwater cities due to the expectation of rising oceans. Reversing climate change may be one of the most difficult thermodynamic scientific challenges.
The presentation is very engaging , as well as frightening in spots.