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Book Review: 2312 by Kim Stanley Robinson

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2312 by Kim Stanley Robinson is a bold thrust from the present into the next 300 years. Robinson speaks of a crisis between 2060-2130 with the disappearance of the arctic summer ice, permafrost melting, methane release, and a major rising of the sea levels.

By 2120, Robinson speaks of massive food shortages, riots, catastrophic death everywhere, and mass extinctions. The period from 2130-2160 will bring on replicating factories, terraforms on Mars, fusion power, synthetic biology, climate modification efforts and space elevators on the Earth and Mars. From 2160- 2220, human longevity will increase, terraforms of Mars will be in full bloom and people will get married at age 113.

The author believes that the success of the Martian revolution will bring upon an era of social-democratic democracy. Capitalism will become a residual rather than a primary philosophy driving life on Mars.

Robinson describes a typical descent onto Mars via a Pavonis space elevator.

Mars is a planet cut into huge red polygons and canals according to the author.
Visitors will be able to look down onto the surface to witness 3 prince volcanoes. Olympus Mons will be to the West like a round continent on an elevation.

2312 is an important warning signal to the current generation to embrace green technologies and take climate change more seriously. The author doesn’t say so but there are implications for changing the human diet from meat to more reliance on vegetables, fruits and home grown food. There are also implications for building underwater cities due to the expectation of  rising oceans. Reversing climate change may be one of the most difficult thermodynamic scientific challenges.

The presentation is very engaging , as well as frightening in spots.

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About Dr Joseph S Maresca

I've taught approx. 34 sections of collegiate courses including computer applications, college algebra, collegiate statistics, law, accounting, finance and economics. The experience includes service as a Board Director on the CPA Journal and Editor of the CPA Candidates Inc. Newsletter. In college, I worked as a statistics lab assistant. Manhattan College awarded a BS in an allied area of operations research. The program included courses in calculus, ordinary differential equations, probability, statistical inference, linear algebra , the more advanced operations research, price analysis and econometrics. Membership in the Delta Mu Delta National Honor Society was granted together with the degree. My experience includes both private account and industry. In addition, I've worked extensively in the Examinations Division of the AICPA from time to time. Recently, I passed the Engineering in Training Exam which consisted of 9 hours of examination in chemistry, physics, calculus, differential equations, linear algebra, probability/ statistics, fluids, electronics, materials science/structure of matter, mechanics, statics, thermodynamics, computer science, dynamics and a host of minor subject areas like engineering economics. A very small percentage of engineers actually take and pass the EIT exam. The number has hovered at circa 5%. Several decades ago, I passed the CPA examination and obtained another license in Computer Information Systems Auditing. A CISA must have knowledge in the areas of data center review, systems applications, the operating system of the computer, disaster recovery, contingency planning, developmental systems, the standards which govern facility reviews and a host of other areas. An MBA in Accounting with an Advanced Professional Certificate in Computer Applications/ Information Systems , an Advanced Professional Certificate in Finance and an Advanced Professional Certificate in Organizational Design were earned at New York University-Graduate School of Business (Stern ). In December of 2005, an earned PhD in Accounting was granted by the Ross College. The program entrance requires a previous Masters Degree for admittance together with a host of other criteria. The REGISTRAR of Ross College contact is: Tel . US 202-318-4454 FAX [records for Dr. Joseph S. Maresca Box 646 Bronxville NY 10708-3602] The clinical experience included the teaching of approximately 34 sections of college accounting, economics, statistics, college algebra, law, thesis project coursework and the professional grading of approx. 50,000 CPA examination essays with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Additionally, membership is held in the Sigma Beta Delta International Honor Society chartered in 1994. Significant writings include over 10 copyrights in the name of the author (Joseph S. Maresca) and a patent in the earthquake sciences.