Home / Author Archives: madeline bernstein

Author Archives: madeline bernstein

puppy mill

Puppy mills are commercial for-profit mass breeding kennels designed to produce puppies for sale to pet shops and individuals. Puppies are typically housed in filthy, dark, and cramped crates. As they are kept outside throughout the year they are exposed to extreme heat and cold. Many of the dogs suffer from malnutrition, dehydration and numerous other diseases. As these are ... Read More »

kitten mill

Kitten mills are commercial kennels that mass produce assorted breeds of cats in filthy, cramped, and dark cages. As these are typically indoor facilities the air is often filled with ammonia (from the urine) and other fetid smells. These housing conditions result in a host of medical problems ranging from upper respiratory infections, parasites, fleas and burnt paw pads. Additional ... Read More »


Founded in 1866 by Henry Bergh, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was the first humane society incorporated in the United States. It is said that Bergh, after serving in Russia at the behest of President Abraham Lincoln, was distressed at the cruel way animals, particularly, carriage horses were treated. Bergh created the ASPCA, in ... Read More »

Black Dog Syndrome

Black Dog Syndrome is a genuine phenomenon whereby black dogs are more difficult to adopt out or sell than lighter colored dogs. One theory for this discrimination is a simple association with the color black with evil, aggression, scariness and bad things. Examples found in British folklore (ghostly black dogs haunting cemeteries), Harry Potter stories (three headed black guard dog), ... Read More »