I will be discussing the facts, statistics, and misunderstandings regarding ADHD in the U.S., and how music can play a role in lowering the number of diagnoses.
You’ve heard about it in the news. You’ve read about it in the newspapers and it can be found anywhere on the Internet. It seems like there is a little nation of young people living within The United States Of America. As of August 2010, there have been 4.5 million children diagnosed with ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. You’ve heard the term ADD, but it actually doesn’t exist. I just want to clarify that when we use the acronym ADD, we are actually talking about Attenion Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.
So does your child have ADHD? Do you know someone that has a child with the disorder? I’m sure you do. We all seem to know someone. It feels like the numbers of people diagnosed with the disorder are growing and that doctors are increasingly willing to prescribe medicine for it. In fact, there is a big discussion going on in the medical world about how many of the diagnosed children actually have ADHD.
One study by Todd Elder, economist at Michigan State University, argues that many children are misdiagnosed with ADHD simply because they are the youngest in their class. Using a sample of nearly 12,000 children, Elder examined the difference in ADHD diagnosis and medication rates between the youngest and oldest children in a grade. The data comes from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort.
Elder’s study says that the youngest kindergartners were 60% more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than the oldest children in the same grade level. When those kids reached the fifth and eighth grades, the youngest ones were over twice as likely to be prescribed stimulants. In all, the Elder study discovered that about 20% of the 4.5 million kids currently identified as having ADHD have been likely misdiagnosed by doctors. Wow! That’s a lot.
If that’s true, then that means teachers, parents, and doctors are jumping to diagnose simply because the child shows the common symptoms. So let’s looks at the possible symptoms of ADHD:
1) has a hard time paying attention
2) tends to daydream a lot
3) does not seem to listen
4) is easily distracted from schoolwork or play
6) is in constant motion or unable to stay seated
7) squirms or fidgets
8) talks too much
9) is not able to play quietly
10) acts and speaks without thinking
11) has trouble taking turns
12) interrupts others
As you read the list, you may even start to think that maybe you have ADHD! You can see from the list that a normally healthy child could have any number of these symptoms. It doesn’t necessarily mean they have the disorder. In fact, some of these symptoms aren’t really symptoms at all in my opinion, but simply misbehavior. In fact, Elder said that part of the reason why the children had these “symptoms” was because they were the youngest children in kindergarten and were emotionally and intellectually less mature than their slightly older peers.
So there are two types of children: the diagnosed and the misdiagnosed. And both are part of the ADD Nation. If this trend continues, we will have a population of people who cannot concentrate and achieve any goals or objectives. How will our nation compete against the rest of world when we become distracted by distractions? There must be a solution to first end the misdiagnoses and then to find a solution for preventing diagnoses. There’s got to be several solutions to this epidemic.
I am not a medical doctor or therapist. My expertise is within the world of music education and I can tell you that learning a musical instrument can help BOTH groups of children in fighting against all the symptoms that were listed above. I will explain why. Surely, there are solutions outside of the musical realm, but that is for other experts to comment on.
Benefit #1: Concentration
Learning a musical instrument develops concentration. This is because there are activities involved in learning an instrument that require concentration over extended periods of time. It doesn’t happen overnight. It’s a process. But daily practice of a musical instrument will push the limits of your child’s ability to concentrate. Since concentration is needed to excel in any academic skill or life skill for that matter, the benefits will not only be a child that can play a musical instrument, but one that can excel in many areas of life.